Dietary supplements have long been widespread product. The most commonly used to improve general health and advertised as products of natural origin. Among their variety principal place take nutritional supplements for athletes. Why do people who are engaged in active physical activity must take similar preparations?
Upon exercise of the human body are released a number of substances. Above all, it is dried, resulting in a loss of many important substances, such as sodium and potassium. Active athletes during training and competition can burn up to 7,000 calories a day. For comparison - a man 36 years old, weighing 76 kg and height 172 cm, working desk and doing 1-2 times a week exercise, burning just under 2,500 kilocalories daily. This energy loss must be compensated. However, when exercising many sports, such as weightlifting, martial arts, sports and gymnastics, it is necessary to maintain a certain weight and compliance with restrictions in diet. Here come to the aid specially developed preparations.
It can divide the most arbitrary of solid and liquid.
Preparations obtained from bee products - honey, royal jelly and propolis
Derived from plants and are also called pollen preparations. These products contain natural vitamins, minerals, free amino acids, proteins and sugars. Several studies show a positive effect of pollen on the performance of athletes. Regular use of these drugs increases greatly the body's resistance to colds and infections. The recommended dose is 10-15 grams per day. It should, however, be omitted from consideration the fact that pollen is an allergen and can cause adverse reactions.
Products containing a complex of proteins / proteins /
They have lipotropic / fat burning / effect. These are the most popular products of this type and contain large amounts of protein derived from animal products. Meat and eggs contain many amino acids can not be synthesized in the body and because of this type of supplements is very useful. Protein supplements are used to build muscle mass and burn excess fat.
The majority of them can be attributed to the category of pharmacological agents because they contain synthetic vitamins and salts with different degrees of purity. They are used primarily to correct diet to compensate for shortages of certain substances and for the procurement of additional amounts of vitamins, macro- and micronutrients. This makes them particularly useful for providing optimal conditions the body in competitions to redress the balance of electrolytes and activate the metabolism of protein in athletes. The methodology aan adopting these and similar preparations require mandatory controls on the levels of vitamins and minerals in the body.
Most food additives are in powder form and mixed with water, milk or juices.
Carbohydrate or carbohydrate and mineral drinks
Used by athletes requiring a high degree of endurance and drink to restore the energy expended to maintain the level of vitamins, water and electrolyte balance and to quench the thirst. These liquids, quite arbitrarily, divide the carbohydrate-mineral-vitamin, carbohydrate-vitamin and pure carbohydrate. They all contain easily digested carbohydrate, and depending on the formulation, minerals, organic acids and vitamins. The first is picked up more rapidly by the body and quench thirst for a shorter period of time and the latter absorb more difficult, but have a lasting effect. These products are especially popular among skiers and climbers because, apart quickly recover the loss of calories and fluids are handled easily.
There are also so-called energy drinks. They are also used by athletes, mostly because they contain caffeine and amino acids stimulate muscle activity. But it should be noted that these products have unbalanced content and should be used carefully. There are countries where energy drinks are allowed for sale only in pharmacies.
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